Wednesday, December 26, 2018
'Gender Discrimination Against Women in the Workplace Essay\r'
'Traditionally, wo custody nurture been considered to be the weaker waken and subordinate to men. Moreover, their roles have been assigned to domestic and childrearing duties. The ancestry market is male dominated, and women ar frequently considered to be out of role at that placein. Women face considerable sexual distinction in the world of work, signifi ceasetly adjustment their employment prospects and subsequent advancement in their c atomic number 18ers.\r\nWomen generally bum about down it more(prenominal) problematical than men to acquire a full judgment of conviction ponder. What is more, when they can successfully find work, they oftentimes scrape to ex operate their reaches and advance to higher positions. The traffics women be granted are very often those with natural depression status and correspondingly tear down income. As Harolambos (Sociology: Themes and Perspectives) says,\r\nÃ¢â¬Å"Women face a sub collect of harms in paid work. Firstly, they tend to be lower paid than men. Secondly, they are more-likely to be in part-time work. Thirdly, they tend to pure in the lower reaches of the occupations in which they work. Fourthly, women tend to do particular types of jobs, normally those with low status.Ã¢â¬Â In aquiring a job, it must be remembered that more often than not, the employer is male. Men are the ones in the job market with military lunge and authority, and thus make the majority of the decisions Ã¢â¬ including who gets hired. As Peter Worsley (The New Introducing Sociology) puts it,\r\nÃ¢â¬Å"Within the sexual activityed body of work, it is al right smarts men who are overwhelmingly in positions of power and authority. It is men who, by-and-large, make decisions.Ã¢â¬Â\r\nWhen likely cleaning womanly employees are universe considered for employment, several(prenominal) biases tend to come into play in the minds of the employers. Firstly, male applicants for the job are often given more preferen ce because it is simulated that they have a wife and family to support. In the view of many employers, the role of women as breadwinners is a subordinate one to that of their married man (if she is married). Added to this fact, women lead more complex fond lives than that of men. They often must balance their roles as financial providers and child caregivers.\r\nEmployers often make personal questions to female applicants. They aim to convey background information. This whitethorn include her marital status, whether she has any children and their ages, or if she is a superstar obtain. Then they interpret these pieces of information in several, prejudiced lights. For example, if she is married, they get that her husband is the immemorial breadwinner and her role w tired of(p) be subordinate.\r\nThis puts the female applicant at a disadvantage when compared to a male applicant with a Ã¢â¬Å"wife and family to support.Ã¢â¬Â Or they whitethorn assume that a single parent mot her with a young child may need too much personal time to fulfil her parental roles at the damage to the employer (manifesting as a loss in Ã¢â¬Å"man-hoursÃ¢â¬Â). Women Ã¢â¬ both single and married Ã¢â¬ may level off be asked if they have in mind to have children at a job interview, perhaps informally. And if they say Ã¢â¬Å"yesÃ¢â¬Â, thoughts of pregnancy leave, subsidized childcare and their costs immediately rally in the minds of the employer.\r\nA woman who leaves her job on maternity leave often runs the risk of not having a job to return to.\r\nÃ¢â¬Å"Britain for example, has the lowest rate of maternity leave in the European Union. 60 pct of women in the United States have no adequate access to such leave.Ã¢â¬Â (David toot and Bruno Leone, 1989)\r\nIn Trinidad and Tobago, women had virtually no protection from such discrimination until 2001, when the maternity Leave Act was pass offed Ã¢â¬ guaranteeing that their job would dumb be available on their retu rn.\r\n many a(prenominal) mothers are at pains to find fulltime work. Their parental demands make it difficult to fall out a fulltime career. Employers often make no provisions for them, as come up as women returning from maternity leave, in the way of workplace creche and nursery services. Their part-time status means that they give importantly less. Ironically, they earn less just at the time when they need more capital to support adequate childcare.\r\nThe jobs women are comm only(prenominal) able to get tend to be of low status, and low paying.\r\nÃ¢â¬Å"Society has do it such that even if a woman wanted to go against the norms and get a job in the work force she would not get very far. almost 75 percent of the jobs in the well paying professions are held by men and even if women are able to get equal jobs as men they facilitate get paid considerably less.Ã¢â¬Â (David Bender and Bruno Leone, 1989)\r\nIn the professional world, women seem to be trapped in the clerical f ield, with very few ever reaching managerial positions, even and despite of their having adequate qualifications. In 1950, women composed 30 percent of the workforce. over 50 years later, this number has change magnitude to 47 percent. Yet, today, women who work full-time, year-round earn 76 cents for every dollar men earn. This is in part due to the moderate career options of women compared to that of men, in addition to the usual disparity in pay.\r\nMany jobs are so designed, that their Ã¢â¬Å"qualificationsÃ¢â¬Â are deterrents to female applicants and opt males. For example, to be a firefighter, you have to pass a strength test Ã¢â¬ and even if a woman passes, she may cool off be denied access if she is not of the postulate height and weight. Thus, such jobs tend to be male oriented. Increasingly however, women are being granted them as old attitudes and norms change. further this has lead to yet another ill Ã¢â¬ workplace violence against women is on the profit in s uch careers.\r\nIt seems that in traditionally male dominated fields, such as the armed forces and the utilities, women earn less only to suffer more. In 2001, 14,170 lost-time injuries or illnesses resulting from assaults and dotty acts on women in the American workplace were reported, whereas men suffered from 9,464. Although women compose 47 percent of the workforce, they suffer 60 percent of these attacks. about(predicate) 36,500 rapes occur in the workplace annually, somewhat 80 percent of which occur against women. In 2001, female fatalities in the American workplace as a result of assaults and unpeaceful acts numbered 30.8 percent. Men however, had only a 13.9 percent workplace fatality rate due to assaults and violent acts. Without doubt, women are the ones who suffer more from workplace violence.\r\nUnquestionably, women experience discrimination in the world of work. Although the prospects for improving the current adduce of affairs may seem bleak, there is hope. As i ncreasing numbers of workingwomen and their supporters buttonhole for change, those in authority have started listening. The gender disparity in pay is abate and women now have a greater range of career opportunities. Progress has been slow. exclusively considering it requires the changing of norms established from the dawn of society, the advancement has been significant. While gender discrimination may exist for quite some time to come, it can be expected to decrease as time goes on.\r\n'