The English rehabilitation: A Momentous Movement I. intromission II.Causes of the renewal A. Corruption in the Church B. The Renaissance and Humanism III.Influential Reformists A. Martin Luther B. conjuration Calvin IV.Consequences of the Reformation V.Counter-Reformation A. Moral Reform of Clergy B. Strengthening of Church VI.Conclusion Introduction The Protestant Reformation of the sixteenth century is one of the about composite movements in European history since the fall of the papistical Empire. The Reformation truly ends the Middle Ages and begins a new epoch in the history of Western Civilization. The Reformation ended the spiritual angiotensin-converting enzyme of Europe and ushered in 150 years of religious warfare. By the time the conflicts had ended, the political and social geography in the westward had fundamentally changed. The Reformation would have been revolutionary enough of itself, whole it coincided in time with the op ening of the Western Hemisphere to the Europeans and the aging of firearms as effective field weapons. It coincided, too, with the spread of Renaissance ideals from Italy and the eldest stirrings of the Scientific Revolution. Taken together, these developments transformed Europe. Causes of the Reformation legion(predicate) bishops and abbots (especially in countries where they were overly territorial princes) bore themselves as secular rulers rather than as servants of the Church.
Many members of cathedral chapters and other beneficed ecclesiastics were chiefly relate with their income and how to adjoin it, especially by uniting several prebends (even! episcopal sees) in the hands of one person, who thus enjoyed a large income and greater power. Luxury prevailed widely among the higher clergy, while the pooh-pooh clergy were a great deal oppressed. The scientific and ascetic provision of the clergy left much to be desired, the moral standard of many a(prenominal) being very low, and the lend oneself of celibacy not everywhere observed. Not less secure was the condition... If you want to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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